Climate Policy Research Programme
The problem of climate change is a global issue. In the long term climate change will probably come to affect most sectors of society. For this reason there is a need for worldwide, long-term solutions.
A comprehensive database of knowledge is indispensable if climate policy is to develop in the right way at a national and international level. International negotiations, development of national climate policies, implementation of those policies which have been decided on and follow-up of measures which have been undertaken are examples of situations where there needs to be a scientific basis. Other important areas that need back-up from research are critical monitoring of work in progress and the development of suggestions for alternative solutions.
The need for research motivated by climate policies changes over time. At present the focus in Sweden, the EU and globally is on the shaping of an international climate change agreement after the commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol.
The International Climate Policy Research Programme is helping to establish Swedish research groups, which in the long term can carry out research at a high level in the field of international climate policy, e.g. issues surrounding the flexible mechanisms, questions regarding EU internal burden sharing and the relationship between EU climate policy and national policy. Research should also analyse questions such as methods of cooperation and long-term burden sharing at a global level.
The research groups will also monitor and collaborate in international R&D in the field. The research will contribute to a better foundation of knowledge for continued climate negotiations.
The Swedish Energy Agency's financing and agreed projects
The budget for the programme is approximately 12 million SEK per year. Research projects now running include:
- climate policy instruments
- the Kyoto Protocol's flexible mechanisms
- design of future climate agreements
- conditions for reduced emissions of greenhouse gases through reduced deforestation in developing countries.