Mitigation Activity Design Documents for cooperation under Article 6

Development of Mitigation Activity Design Documents (MADDs) for activities suitable for cooperation under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement.

In an open call in November 2020, the Swedish Energy Agency requested proposals for mitigation activities suitable for generating emission reductions eligible for compliance under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement. The aim was to develop Mitigation Activity Design Documents (MADDs) presenting full-scale implementable Article 6 collaborations. From the proposals received, five MADDs were developed in cooperation with five different countries: Ghana, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, Argentina and South Africa. 

Biogas production in the Dominican Republic

The objective of the Mitigation Activity is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions generated in the agriculture and farming sector in Dominican Republic through the construction of a bioprocessing plant. The project aims to create multiple links in the value chain of the sector:

  • The plant aims to convert litter and manure from poultry farms, residue from slaughterhouses (chicken, pig and cattle) and other bio waste to biogas and high-grade bio fertilizers.
  • The biogas produced would be used to generate sustainable electricity for own use and sale, improving the grid electricity mix.   
  • The organic fertilizers can be sold both locally and exported to other markets replacing artificial fertilizers. 
  • Collection and disposal of waste from farms would reduce pollution by replacing existing poor waste handling.

The manure will be collected from multiple livestock farms and the collected material treated in a single central treatment plant equipped with an advanced animal waste management system. The project is subject to the cooperation with WOCAN to increase gender equality and empower women in the area.

Biogas production in Argentina

The objective of the Mitigation Activity is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the Agriculture sector in Argentina by constructing a centralized biogas plant. The project aims to create multiple links in the value chain of the sector:

  • The plant aims to convert manure from livestock farms (mainly cattle and pigs) to biogas and organic fertilizers. 
  • The biogas produced would be used to generate renewable energy in the form of electricity to be fed into the grid.   
  • Organic fertilizers will be produced that potentially can be sold locally or exported to other markets replacing artificial fertilizers.   
  • Collection and treatment of manure from the farms will reduce methane pollution which would otherwise be emitted due to its storage in open lagoons.  

The manure is to be collected from multiple livestock farms and the collected material treated in a single central treatment plant with an appropriate permanent manure treatment system in place.

Efficient household stoves in Ethiopia

The objective of the Mitigation Activity is to reduce greenhouse gas generated by the fuel used for cookstoves in rural Ethiopia by providing clean cooking solutions. The project aims to provide multiple advantages in the sector:

  • Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions through a reduction in the use of non-renewable biomass 
  • Reduced need of collection of firewood which reduce deforestation, cost and provide time saved for women and children 
  • Improved air quality and reduced risk of house fires

The project would provide two different cookstoves; Mirt and Tikikil stoves replacing traditional three stone open fire. Women would be provided the opportunity to become a stoves cooperative member and receive access to training and other resources, improving their financial stability and independence.

Solar PV for health centers in Ghana

The objective of the Mitigation Activity is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from grid electricity consumption and use of backup diesel generators by installing rooftop solar systems on hospitals in Ghana. By providing access to sustainable and reliable power the project aims to provide multiple advantages in the sector:

  • Reduction of diesel consumption used to power backup generators generating cost savings, and reducing greenhouse gas emissions 
  • Displacement of grid power consumption 
  • Improve the availability of hospital services and public health

The project would target approximately 350 hospitals in small towns and rural areas creating jobs and expanding the solar market. The project also aims to empower women and girls by providing education related to the design, installation and maintenance of rooftop solar systems.

Production of green hydrogen in South Africa

The objective of the Mitigation Activity is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the Agriculture and Energy sector in South Africa through generation of renewable energy and production of green ammonia. The project aims to provide multiple advantages in the sectors:  

  • Replacement of coal-based electricity with renewable electricity generated from a solar and wind power plant. 
  • Usage of renewable electricity to produce green ammonia while feeding excess electricity into the national power grid. 
  • Reduction of GHG emissions from the ammonia production. 
  • Production of chemical fertilizers without using fossil-fuels that will reduce the GHG intensive fertilizer imports.  

The project activity involves installation of a 375 MW solar and wind power plant and construction of a greenfield ammonia plant that includes renewable electricity-based production of hydrogen and the production of ammonia based on that hydrogen.