National Centre for CCS
In December 2020, the Swedish Energy Agency was tasked with being the National Centre for CCS in Sweden. This entails planning, coordination and promotion of CCS throughout the country. The Swedish Energy Agency will carry out its work in dialogue with industries, governmental authorities and the Government Offices of Sweden.
Being the National Centre for CCS, the Swedish Energy Agency will:
- monitor the technical, economic and political developments in the field of CCS, both nationally and internationally.
- identify, analyse and, if necessary, investigate and deliver proposals for actions to overcome any technical, economic, and legal obstacles to the facilitation of CCS-technology.
- investigate issues related to accounting and reporting of carbon dioxide emissions in relation to, among others, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the national climate goals and the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS), as well as how the entire CCS chain can be made as climate and energy efficient as possible.
The Swedish Energy Agency is carrying out its work in dialogue with the Swedish Agency for Marine and Water Management, the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, and the Geological Survey of Sweden.
Bilateral storage agreements
Being the National Centre, the Swedish Energy Agency is to enable the export of carbon dioxide from Swedish emission sites to permanent storage sites in other countries, for example Norway.
The main obstacle to exporting carbon dioxide is that a contracting party to the London Protocol (e.g. Sweden) is not permitted to export carbon dioxide, waste or other matter to another contracting party (e.g. Norway) with the intention of dumping or incinerating it at sea. However, there are exceptions to this export ban. If the contracting parties take actions to ensure that transportation and storage are conducted safely and responsibly, the ban can be exempted. The Swedish Energy Agency will draft a proposal for a bilateral storage agreement with Norway, which meets the requirements of the London Protocol.
The Swedish Energy Agency has also been tasked with proposing similar bilateral storage agreements with other countries, such as the United Kingdom and the Netherlands.