The effort sharing decision
According to the EU’s climate and energy package adopted in 2009, the Union’s greenhouse gas emissions will be reduced by 20% by 2020 compared to 1990 levels. The sectors not covered by the EU Emissions Trading Scheme are during the period 2013–2020 regulated by the Effort Sharing Decision (ESD).
The Effort Sharing Regulation (ESR) sets binding annual greenhouse gas emission reductions for Member States for the years 2021 – 2030. These targets apply to emissions from most sectors not included in the EU Emissions Trading Scheme, such as transport (excluding aviation and international shipping), building heating, agriculture and waste management. Since 2013, the Union Registry also contains the registry concerning the Effort Sharing Regulation.
Access to the registry is limited to the European Commission as the central administrator and authorised representatives nominated by the respective Member State.
In Sweden, the Swedish Energy Agency acts as the representative for the Swedish accounts in the registry.
From 2021 onwards, the decision is replaced by an EU regulation, the so-called Effort Sharing Regulation.
ESD (2013 – 2020)
The Effort sharing decision requires every Member State to limit their greenhouse gas emissions between 2013 and 2020 by meeting binding annual reductions set by a linear trajectory. The national emission target for Member states ranges from a decrease of 20 % (from 2005 levels) to an increase of 20 %.
The Swedish government website (In Swedish)
ESR (2021 – 2030)
The Effort sharing regulation was adopted in 2018 and applies for the period 2021-2030. ESR emissions will be reduced by 30 % by 2030 compared to 2005. Given the different starting points and capacities of Member States, national targets are based on each country’s gross domestic product per capita.
On 14 July 2021, the European Commission adopted a series of legislative proposals setting out how the Union intends to achieve climate neutrality by 2050. The package proposes to revise several parts of EU climate legislation, including the EU ETS and the ESR. The background to the proposal is the Commission’s assessment that the current regulation is not adapted to the Union’s climate targets for 2030. The Commission’s proposal retains the scope of the ESR and proposes that the EU’s overall emission reduction target be increased from 30% to 40% by 2030 compared to 2005. For Sweden and four other EU countries, the Commission has in its proposal set a target of a 50 % reduction in emissions by 2030.