Responsibilities in the EU ETS
In Sweden, several authorities have been given roles in the EU ETS and in the international emissions trading. Below is a short presentation of who does what.
Swedish Energy Agency
The Swedish Energy Agency is the national administrator defined in the Registry Regulation and account management authority defined in Swedish legislation. This means that the agency administers the Swedish part of the union registry, including support for account holders in the registry. The Energy Agency is also administering Sweden’s national holdings under the Kyoto Protocol and the Effort Sharing Decision. The agency also, together with the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, provides support to the Government Offices in the work of developing the trading system.
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
Naturvårdsverket, the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, is the supervisory authority for the EU ETS in Sweden, which means they are ensuring that Swedish operators in the system monitor and report their emissions in accordance with the applicable laws and regulations. The authority also reviews permits and make decisions on free allocation of allowances and possible rights to exchange international credits to participating Swedish operators.
As from 2018 the Environmental protection agency is also the designated Swedish authority for greenhouse gas permits.
The Swedish Transport Agency
The Swedish Transport Agency is advising the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency regarding air traffic within the EU ETS.
Ministry of the Environment
The Ministry of the Environment is the ministry responsible for climate issues and thus also for emissions trading. Amongst other things, they participate in international climate negotiations, negotiations of EU legislation and is responsible for national legislation in this area.
SWEDAC is Sweden’s national accreditation body that accredits controllers who are given the right to verify emissions reports.
The European Commission
The European Commission’s Directorate – General for Climate Policy, DG Clima, is responsible for developing the EU Emissions Trading Scheme and monitoring Member States’ implementation of the scheme. The Commission is the central administrator of the Union Registry and manages the operation of the European Transaction Log, EUTL.
European Transaction Log, EUTL
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) administers the ITL, the international transaction log. ITL monitors and controls international emissions trading under the Kyoto Protocol.