How can Sweden do away with its dependence on oil without hindering essential transport?
The Swedish Energy Agency is supporting long-term research and development focussing on the production of motor fuels from renewable sources and of more efficient vehicle engines running on alternative fuels.
It is expected that the need for transport and fuels will continue to increase at a rapid rate in all parts of the world. In order to help reduce the use of fossil motor fuels, reduce greenhouse gas emissions and assure a future supply of transport fuels, the Swedish Energy Agency is financing energy research aimed at creating a strategic whole of the individual research areas of renewable motor fuels, vehicles and emissions. This research is being carried out in close conjunction with other public authorities and the Swedish automotive industry. It includes, for example, methods of producing motor fuels and constructing vehicles, while system research into infrastructure and logistics is financed mainly by VINNOVA and the Swedish Road Administration.
Alternative motor fuels and energy‑efficient vehicles
One objective of the Agency's work is to develop Swedish production technology for carbon dioxide-neutral motor fuels, with a high overall production efficiency. A second objective is to contribute to the continued development of the country's successful automotive industry, which also includes the production of energy-efficient vehicles. It is important that Sweden is a driving force in this work, in order to be able to influence EU harmonisation of new specifications and requirements for motor fuels and vehicles.
The Agency is financing several large research projects covering the entire chain from cultivation of raw materials for biobased motor fuels to the use of new fuels. One example is the research into the production of motor fuels in future industrial combines.
Several futures studies of transport have been carried out over the years, and research is in progress on both innovation systems and policy measures to encourage the use of alternative motor fuels. Sweden is also involved in the EU Refuel project, the objective of which is to develop strategies for the introduction of cost-effective alternative motor fuels. The project is also investigating the potential effects on stationary installations using biofuels.