The European Union
EU Climate and Energy Objectives.
Climate change, increasing import dependency, security of supply and higher energy prices are challenges that all EU countries are facing. At the same time the member states' energy interdependence is increasing. The common EU energy objectives build on agreements decided between member states. In 2007 the EU adopted targets for 2020, which were enacted through the climate and energy package in 2009. The package shall get Europe back on track - towards a sustainable future in a low carbon and energy efficient economy. To achieve this end the EU has committed itself to by 2020:
- reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 30 per cent within the framework of a global climate agreement, or by 20 per cent in the absence of an international agreement
- increase the proportion of renewable energy in the energy mix to 20 per cent
- increase the proportion of renewable fuels to 10 per cent
- increase the efficiency of energy use by 20 per cent
In October 2014 the EU also adopted common objectives for 2030. A decision was taken on a 2030 policy framework which aims to make the European Union's economy and energy system more competitive, secure and sustainable. The EU has committed itself to by 2030:
- reduce EU domestic greenhouse gas emissions by at least 40 per cent below the 1990 level
- increase the share of renewable energy to at least 27 per cent of the EU's energy consumption. The target is binding at EU level
- increase the efficiency of energy use with an indicative target of 27 per cent to be reviewed in 2020 having in mind a 30 per cent target
- reform and strengthen the EU ETS.
In addition a reliable and transparent governance system will be developed to help ensure that the EU meets its energy policy goals.
Swedish Climate and Energy Objectives
The EU policies give a platform for Swedish climate and energy policy, and Sweden will make its contribution to achieving the Union's targets. In 2009, the Parliament approved a comprehensive climate and energy policy which sets a number of targets for Sweden:
- 40 per cent reduction in greenhouse gases compared to 1990
- At least 50 per cent share of renewable energy in the energy mix
- At least 10 per cent share of renewable energy in the transport sector
- 20 per cent more efficient use of energy compared to 2008
Long-term priorities and vision beyond 2020:
- By 2030, Sweden should have a vehicle stock that is independent of fossil fuels.
- Sweden's electricity production today is essentially based on only two sources – hydropower and nuclear power. To reduce vulnerability and increase security of electricity supply, a third pillar that reduces dependence on nuclear power and hydropower should be developed. To achieve this, cogeneration, wind power and other renewable power production must together account for a significant proportion of electricity production.
- A vision that, by 2050, Sweden will have a sustainable and resource-efficient energy supply and no net emissions of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere
The Swedish Energy Agency is active to further the European Union and the Swedish energy policy objectives
The Swedish Energy Agency represents Sweden in a number of committees for the preparation and implementation of EU directives on energy, for example the Eco design directive or the Renewable Energy Directive. The Agency also works with information and communication of EU energy related policies and EU funded programmes, such as Horizon 2020 and the Regional development fund. The work aims to support and increase the participation of Swedish actors in these programmes.