Fuel quality act
The Swedish Fuel quality act came into force 1 May 2011. This act transposes the Fuel Quality Directive in Sweden. It contains rules on which fuel qualities that may be put on the Swedish market, and includes reporting obligations for fuel suppliers on a number of issues. The Swedish Energy Agency is responsible for supervising compliance with the implementation of the Fuel Quality Directive's Article 7 a in Swedish legislation.
The Fuel quality ordinance assigns a supervisory role to the Swedish Energy Agency and the Swedish Transport Agency, each responsible for different parts of the legislation. The Swedish Energy Agency is tasked with issuing regulations concerning a specific part of the reporting obligation imposed on fuel suppliers. This reporting aims to fulfil the Fuel Quality Directive's (FQD) article 7a. The Fuel Quality Directive is short for Directive 98/70/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of the 13 October 1998 relating to the quality of petrol and diesel fuels and amending Council Directive 93/12/EEC, amended most recently by Commission Directive 2011/63/EU.
Fuel suppliers who by delivering fuel are taxable according to Chapter 5. Energy tax act (1994:1776) are affected.
The Fuel Quality Directive has been transposed in Sweden through the fuel quality act and the fuel quality ordinance. Reporting in accordance with this act during 2012 was performed using an interim solution whereby a limited amount of fuel suppliers have reported, small suppliers have been exempted.
The reporting is performed relative to a target of greenhouse gas emission reductions imposed by the fuel quality act. This reduction requirement is to reduce greenhouse gases by 6 % compared to emissions from fossil fuels in 2010.
The previous year's reporting was simplified due to pending changes in the Fuel Quality Directive that are still undergoing treatment at the EU-level, and which are crucial for the Swedish transposition of the Directive. The reporting will be handled differently once this process has been finished.