DNA and DFP in Sweden
The Swedish Energy Agency has been appointed Designated National Authority (DNA) for Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and Designated Focal Point (DFP) for Joint Implementation (JI).
Each Party shall according to the Marrakech Accords appoint a Designated National Authority (DNA) to approve participation in CDM-projects and a Designated Focal Point (DFP) to approve participation in JI-projects.
The Swedish Energy Agency has been appointed DNA and DFP in Sweden. As DNA and DFP the Swedish Energy Agency will be responsible for authorising participation in CDM and JI projects and approve JI projects in Sweden. The role as DNA/DFP is regulated through the Emissions Trading Law (2004:1199), the Emissions Trading Ordinance (2004:1205) and the Swedish Energy Agencys regulation concerning Project based mechanisms under the Kyoto Protocol (2009:2). Links to the different regulations are found to the right. Authorisation and approval is made through the issuance of a Letter of Approval
Clean Development Mechanism
CDM projects are formally approved and registered by the CDM Executive Board. In order to be registered, a project must have received a host country approval. The Swedish DNA issues a letter of approval in order for project participants to have Certified Emission Reductions (CER) forwarded by the CDM-registry to a Swedish registry account. Foreign entities may also apply for authorisation.
The projects and the emission reductions must be verified by a Designated Operational Entity (DOE) with ackredition from the CDM Executive Board.
Special conditions apply before the approval of participation in hydroelectric CDM projects with a generation capacity exceeding 20 MW. The applicant must provide evidence that relevant international criteria and guidelines will be respected during the development of the project. The Swedish DNA adhere to the guidelines on a common understanding of Article 11b (6) of the Directive 2003/87/EC as amended by Directive 2004/101/EC when authorising participation in large hydroelectric CDM projects. The guidelines are found to the right.
Read more on the EU wide voluntary harmonisation of approval of large hydroelectric CDM projects.
JI-projects are approved by the host country, but the host country may choose between two tracks depending on what it prefers and depending on whether or not it can meet all eligibility criteria for emissions trading under the Kyoto Protocol. A host Party that fulfils all the eligibility requirements can apply the track 1 procedure in which the host country is responsible for the determination and verification procedures. A project that follows the track 2 procedure must be verified by an Accredited Independent Entity (AIE) and approved by the JI Supervisory Committée (JISC).
The role of the Swedish DFP is to authorise project participants receiving Emission Reduction Units to accounts in the Sweden registry.
Joint Implementation in Sweden
Sweden expects to be eligible for track 1 but has decided to use the determination and verification procedure of the JISC following the track 2 procedure.