Swedish Energy Agency in new report: Planning for 30 TWh wind power in Sweden by 2020
The comprehensive extension of Swedish wind power will help reduce the need for fossil fuel, and thereby also emissions harmful to the climate, on a European level.
Sweden's national planning target for electricity production from wind power should therefore be set at 30 TWh by 2020. This is a higher level than the current 10 TWh by 2015. Depending on power output and wind conditions, 30 TWh of wind power requires an increase from approximately 800 wind turbines at present to around 3,000-6,000 on land and at sea. This is one conclusion reached by the Swedish Energy Agency in its report today on a new proposed planning target for wind power, as commissioned by the government.
There is a general call within the EU for Member States to increase their proportion of renewable energy dramatically, to 20% overall. At the end of January 2008 the Commission is expected to present a proposal for how this obligation is to be spread between the Member States. At present it is not certain how the EU will want this target to be distributed. Within the time frame of 2020, there are really only three types of energy which, jointly, could realistically make a serious contribution to fulfilling the commitment imposed upon Sweden.
Biofuel-based electricity generation, producing both heat and electricity.Biopropellants.Wind power, relatively speaking an extremely clean, emission-free source of energy that offers an acceptable economy, with certain changes.
"If the planning target is to be achieved, a raft of conditions must be changed and measures taken which raise the incentives to establish wind power. The planning target for wind power does lay the foundation for far-reaching expansion, but what happens in practice also depends on a series of other factors," says Thomas Korsfeldt, Director General of the Swedish Energy Agency. The Swedish Energy Agency has identified the following areas that ought to be modified or at least investigated:
Quicker licensing. The licensing process must be speeded up without compromising on quality. Wind power should be removed from the ordinance on environmentally hazardous activities. It is 'clean'.A single access point to authorities. Investors must be offered a 'one-shop-stop', whereby they can deal with all authority contacts in one place. An inquiry into a joint decision-making process is proposed.More ambitious compulsory quotas. When it comes to regulatory systems for land-based wind power, it is enough that more ambitious quotas are considered at the next review of the electricity certificate system, so that electricity traders are obliged to have a higher proportion of renewable energy than at present.Support for offshore wind power. Offshore wind power is not profitable at present. The development of sea-based wind power could be an important factor in fulfilling Sweden's renewable energy target and could promote industrial development. The Swedish Energy Agency will investigate and submit proposals for a means of control that would accelerate the expansion of wind power at sea.The need for more regulating resources. A dramatic expansion in wind power places higher demands on 'regulating power', for instance when there is no wind. Svenska Kraftnät, the Swedish National Grid manager, should analyse this issue at Nordic level.
Wind power production therefore plays a key role if Sweden is to increase its proportion of renewable electricity. But a planning target is not the same as actually building 30 TWh of wind power. If the target is to be met and met completely, favourable economic conditions are a must. However, it is necessary that the physical planning allows as far-reaching an expansion as necessary. The Swedish Energy Agency proposes that 20 TWh of the planning target relates to land-based wind power. Half should be planned for 2010 at the latest, and the remainder for 2012. When it comes to offshore wind power, approximately 10 TWh is already planned.