Sweden became net importer of electricity in 2009

During 2009, Sweden was a net importer of electricity, in contrast to 2008 in which Sweden was a net exporter instead. Preliminary statistics from the Swedish Energy Agency show however that the use of electricity by Swedes was less in the year 2009 in comparison with 2008. The production of electricity also decreased in the country during the same period, which in fact contributed to the net deficit in the exchanges with other countries.

Electricity consumption in Sweden was a total of 138.3 TWh in 2009, a reduction of 4 percent from 2008. This is the lowest electricity consumption since the end of the 1980s. The industrial sector reduced its use of electricity by nearly 12 percent to 49.7 TWh in comparison with the previous year, which is the lowest electricity use by the industrial sector since 1986. The pulp, paper and paper products industry - the industry that has the largest electricity consumption - reduced its use by over 6 percent to 21.7 TWh. For steel and metalworking, the reduction was a huge 30 percent.

The sector involving residences, services, etc. increased its electricity consumption by nearly 3 percent to 71.3 TWh.

The production of electricity fell by a over 8 percent to a total of 133.7 TWh in comparison with 2008. This is the lowest annual production of electricity since 2003. The production of electricity from hydropower fell by nearly 5 percent to 65.2 TWh and nuclear energy produced 50.0 TWh, which is a reduction of a good 18 percent as well as being the lowest production from nuclear energy since 1984. Production from wind power continued to increase however during the year by nearly 25 percent, to 2.5 TWh. Conventional thermal generating stations increased their production by 11 percent to 15.9 TWh.

Exchanges of electrical power with other countries resulted in a deficit, i.e. net imports of approx. 4.7 TWh for 2009, which can be compared with 2008 when Sweden was a net exporter of 2.0 TWh.

Supply and demand for electricity in Sweden for 2008 and 2009 distributed by sectors, TWh

Preliminary information as per the monthly statistics for electricity:

 

2008

2009

Change (%)

Supply

     

Domestic production

146.0

133.7

-8.5

Hydropower (incl. pumped storage), net

68.4

65.2

-4.6

   Wind power

2.0

2.5

24.5

   Nuclear power (condensing), net

61.3

50.0

-18.4

   Conventional thermal power, net

14.3

15.9

11.0

      Backpressure, industrial

6.3

5.9

-5.9

      Backpressure, CHP

7.2

9.3

29.2

      Cold condensing

0.8

0.7

-18.8

      Gas turbines, etc.

0.02

0.02

0.0

Gross transfers to Sweden incl. transit conveyances (imports)

12.8

13.8

8.0

Total supply

158.8

147.4

-7.1

       

Demand

     

Gross transfers from Sweden incl. transit conveyances (exports)

14.7

9.1

-38.3

Domestic consumption

144.1

138.3

-4.0

   Mineral extraction and processing (SNI 10-37)

56.4

49.7

-11.8

   Electricity, natural gas, heating and water works (SNI 40 and 41)

4.4

4.3

-1.2

   Railways and tramways, busses, etc.

2.9

2.8

-3.3

   Residences, services, etc.

69.4

71.3

2.7

      Residences, services, etc. temperature-corrected

72.3

72.5

0.3

   Losses

11.0

10.2

-6.9

      National grid losses

2.9

2.7

-7.4

      Other losses

8.1

7.6

-6.7

Total demand

158.8

147.4

-7.1

About the study

The Swedish Energy Agency is responsible for the country's official energy statistics. Statistics Sweden has been tasked by the Agency to produce electricity statistics each month. The study includes large and medium-sized workplaces in the industrial sector, in addition to natural gas, heating and water works and well as railways and tramways. The information that is submitted is computationally adjusted up to the level that corresponds to the total electricity consumption within the respective industries. Further information can be obtained at no charge from Statistics Sweden's Web site.