Continued electricity surplus and export for 2016
During 2016 electricity consumption increased in Sweden for the second year in a row. However, electricity production for 2016, totalling 152.5 TWh, was greater than Sweden's consumption. The Swedish Energy Agency presents this and other data in the Annual energy statistics (electricity, gas and district heating).
The report, "Annual energy statistics (electricity, gas and district heating)", is now available for 2016. More electricity was produced than consumed in Sweden during 2016, resulting in net exports of electricity. The total electricity production in Sweden amounted to 152.5 TWh, including transmission and distribution losses, which is 4.1 per cent less than the electricity produced during 2015. Electricity consumption for 2016 amounted to 130.1 TWh, an increase of 2.6 per cent compared with 2015. The year over year increase, which occurred for the second year in a row, was largest in the residential and public sectors.
Large share of imported electricity is renewable
Sweden had an electricity exchange with Denmark, Finland, Lithuania, Norway, Poland and Germany with the highest share of exports going to Finland. During periods of high loads, for example cold winter days, electricity must be imported. Imports come from Norway and, to a lesser extent, Denmark. 96 per cent of Norway's electricity production is from hydropower while Denmark's production is 43 per cent wind power and 55 per cent conventional thermal power. Conventional thermal power uses different fuels to produce electricity using heat as the energy carrier.
"This leads to renewable sources providing a large portion of Sweden's imported electricity." says Camilla Dellby of the Swedish Energy Agency.
The data reveals an increase in nuclear and conventional thermal power generation while hydropower and wind power generation decrease.
"Variations in the sources electricity production are mainly caused by variations in the weather during the year. 2016 was a year with less precipitation and wind than 2015, resulting in less wind power and hydropower generation. Nuclear power generation increased due to small renovations and stabile production." says Camilla Dellby.
Net consumption and production of electricity 1970-2016, TWh:
The decrease in wind power produced electricity during 2016 was not only due to wind energy returning to a normal level after an elevated level during 2015 but also a decrease in the number new wind turbines. New investment in wind power has lessened because of lower electricity prices and uncertainty about the electricity certificate system's future after 2020.
About the statistics:
The report, "Annual energy statistics (electricity, gas and district heating)", is a survey of the total population of 800 companies. The surveys had a response rate of 93 per cent, resulting in a high degree of reliability. The survey aims to describe supply and demand of electricity, gas, district heating and district cooling. The report contains a description of the technical equipment in power stations, the fuel sources and the costs and revenues for energy.
Camilla Dellby, +46 (0)16-544 21 16