Responsibilities in the EU ETS
In Sweden, several authorities have been given roles in the EU ETS and in the international emissions trading. Below is a short presentation of who does what.
Swedish Energy Agency
The Swedish Energy Agency is acting as national administrator, which means that the agency administers the Swedish part of the union registry, including support for account holders in the registry. The Energy Agency is also administering Sweden's national holdings under the Kyoto Protocol and the Effort Sharing Decision. The agency also, together with the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, supports the Government Offices in the work on developing the trading system.
Swedish Environmental Protection Agency
Naturvårdsverket, the Swedish environmental protection agency, is the supervisory authority of the EU ETS in Sweden, which means they are ensuring that Swedish operators in the system monitor and report their emissions in accordance with the laws and regulations that apply. The authority also review permits and decide about free allocation of allowances and possible rights to exchange international credits in Sweden.
As from 2018 the environmental protection agency is also the designated authority for greenhouse gas permits.
Ministry of the environment and energy
The Ministry of the Environment and energy is the ministry responsible for climate issues and thus also for emissions trading. Amongst other things, they participate in international climate negotiations, negotiations of EU legislation and is responsible for national legislation.
The Swedish Transport Agency
The Swedish Transport Agency is advising the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency regarding air traffic within the EU ETS.
SWEDAC is Sweden's national accreditation body that accredits controllers who verify emissions reports.
The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change is the administrative body for emissions trading under the Kyoto protocol. They manage ITL, the international transaction log. ITL basically performs the same work as EUTL does for the EU ETS, but ITL instead monitors and controls international emissions trading under the Kyoto Protocol.